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Early 2017, an Italian study looked at a possible interdependency between a Mediterranean diet and the height of the phase angle. The Mediterranean diet has long been regarded as one of the healthiest nutritional diets. It is characterized by the use of fresh products rich in vitamins, nutrients and unsaturated fatty acids. Large amounts of fat, meat and sugar, on the other hand, are not part of this diet. Because of this, the Mediterranean diet appears to have an overall positive effect on life expectancy, by also preventing the development of many diseases of affluence, such as type II diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. The phase angle is a parameter, measured by the bioimpedance analysis (BIA) and acts as a represents the integrity of cell membranes. As it provides information on the body's health status, it can be used as a prognostic marker for a variety of diseases. Generally, a high phase angle is associated with a large quantity of intact cells in a good nutritiona
In past decades, overweight and obesity have become a global health issue, not only for the health care systems in first world countries. Obesity also increasingly affects countries with lower or middle income. In many places around the globe, overweight and obese people make up 50% of the adult population. In some countries like Mexico or the USA, it is even higher. The degree to which a person is overweight is generally described by body mass index (BMI). The BMI defines overweight as starting at 25 kg per m² and obe
The Bioimpedance Analysis (BIA) is used for measuring a patient's body composition, it's an established method with many clinical uses primarily within the medical fields of nutrition, rehabilitation and sports medicine. Benefits also extend to cardiological, oncological and nephrological patients. In recent years scientific interest has increased focus on the use of BIA in intensive care. Here it is used to control the hydration and nutritional status of critical patients. One of the key challenges faced by critically
In recent years, the number of reported diabetes mellitus cases has been steadily rising. But this worldwide development is not an adults-only problem: more and more, children and adolescents are becoming affected as well. Studies have shown that in young patients, this increase involves both of the main types of diabetes. Currently, type 1 diabetes accounts for the majority of diabetes in children and adolescents, and generally occurs before the age of 16, while type 2 is a relatively new pediatric cond
Mrs M has been suffering from an early form of Alzheimer's for two years. A year ago, she lost her husband and is currently living on her own, although her two children live nearby. In addition to her Alzheimer's, the 63 year old widow also suffers from arterial hypertension (high blood pressure), which she regulates with medication. The patient is otherwise in a generally good condition for her age. Her dementia was categorized as early onset Alzheimer's dementia and it was diagnosed by her GP as mild t