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Being overweight and obese presents serious health problems not only for adults, but also for children and adolescents. Epidemiological data of the past decades shows a continuous upward trend in the average weight in young people globally. So far, Europe and the United States of America have been affected most with 20 to 30% of children being overweight or obese. However, Asian, African and South American countries are also increasingly affected by this development. Being overweight at a young age is a risk factor that can cause many physical and mental issues. In addition to a genetic predisposition, the main causes of obesity include super- and malnutrition as well as a sedentary lifestyle. Children are very vulnerable to external influences. Unlike tobacco and alcohol, unhealthy foods are omnipresent in the media and in public spaces and affect children's consumerism and dietary habits. US Studies revealed that children see up to twelve food ads on average per hour on television. Of these ads, a large proportion advertises products that are high in sugar, fat, or salt. It has al
Midwifery is one of the oldest professions in the world. Its origins can be traced back several millennia to ancient Egypt. In ancient Greece and Rome, midwives were of a high social standing and were mentioned in the writings of Greek scholars and in the Old Testament. One of the earliest midwifery texts is "Gynaikeia", a textbook written in the 2nd century by the Greek physician Soranos of Ephe
A sunken face, loose clothes, dry skin and brittle hair - these are often accepted as presumed signs of aging, when in fact they are clear signs of malnutrition. Malnutrition occurs when the energy and nutrient requirements of the body are not adequ
For many cultures, eating three proper meals is part of their daily routine. Often these meals are supplemented by other snacks, so that many people regularly eat at intervals of only a few hours. But to what extent does this lifestyle correspond to human physiology? While the amount of people suffering from obesity is steadily increasing globally, so is health awareness in large parts of the pop
Over the past decades, children have been growing heavier all over the world. Today, between 20 and 30% of children in the US and Europe are overweight or obese. But child-obesity has also risen steadily in other regions of the world; an alarming trend, considering excessive weight at a young age has significant health consequences. Not only does it increase the risk of developing a variety of chronic diseases, but also that of social stigma and mental disorders. In addition to a genetic predisposition, the main causes include malnutrition, a sedentary lifestyle and the socio-economic environment. But in recent years researchers have identified sleep duration as another potential factor. A review published in the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health in 2017 confirmed what dieticians have been saying for years: too little sleep can affect children’s eating habits and weight, increasing their risk of obesity - while sleeping longer can have the opposite effect, leading to a decrease